Folk art and general stilt dance
Release date:2017-11-30 Author: Click:
Stilts dance is one of the traditional folk activities of the Han nationality. Stilts, also known as "Stilts", "Stilts", "Stilts", "Stilts", "Stilts", "Stilts" and "Walking on High Legs", are popular folk performances of a mass art, mostly performed in some folk festivals by dancers with stilts tied to their feet in the square. Stepping on stilts is highly skillful and lively in various forms. Because the performers are taller than ordinary people, they are easy to watch from far and near, and they are no different from the stage of activities, so they are loved by the masses.
The stilts not only play people dressed in costumes and make-up, but also sing and dance, and often dress up as opera twists, such as Guan Fu Send, Naoting Heaven Palace, Eight Immortals Crossing the Sea, Water Man Golden Mountain and so on. Stepping on stilts, because of their different identities, so different shapes, different heights, "Water Over the Golden Mountains" in the Fahai wooden feet as high as 4 feet, 2.5 feet small sand, fish soldiers and shrimps will roll up to beat, so the wooden feet only 1.5 feet high.
Origin of origin
There is a folk legend that Yan Ying, who was famous for his comedy during the Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period, was laughing at his short stature when he was on a mission to his neighboring countries. He put on wooden legs and immediately became tall, making the king and ministers of that country laugh and laugh. He also took the trouble to make a dig at the foreign monarch and ministers to make them feel embarrassed. Accordingly, stilt activities are spread among the people.
Another legend is that stilts are linked to fighting with corrupt officials. Once upon a time, there was a county called Liangjincheng. The people in and out of the city were very friendly. Every Spring Festival, they jointly organized a cooperative fire. They wished each other a prosperous business and prosperous grain. Unexpectedly, a corrupt official saw it as an opportunity to make a fortune. He said that everyone who went into and out of the city to run a social fire had to pay three dollars and silver. If people do not pay, he closes the city gate and hangs the suspension bridge. But it is still hard for smart people to step on stilts. Crossing the walls and crossing the moat, we will continue to enjoy the Spring Festival.
About the origin of stilts, scholars mostly think that it is related to the totem worship of the primitive clan and the fishing life of the coastal fishermen. According to the textual research of historians, the Danzhu clan in Yao and Shun Dynasties, with cranes as their totem, danced on stilts to imitate cranes during the sacrificial ceremony. (See Sun Zuoyun's Shuo Dan Zhu); archaeologists believe that there are similar stilts in ancient Chinese characters. (Fang Qi Dong's Shang Dynasty dance in oracle bones) can confirm each other.
According to the annotations of the ancients, it can be seen that the "long-stock country" is related to stilts. From the annotation that "long-legged men often carry long-arm men to fish in the sea", it is not difficult to imagine the image of fishing in the shallow sea with long wooden stilts tied to their feet and primitive fishing tools made of long wood in hand. What is more interesting is that today's Jing fishermen living along the coast of Fangcheng, Guangxi, still have the habit of trampling on long wooden stilts and casting nets in the shallow sea to catch fish. As for the origin of stilts, the late historian Sun Zuoyun (1912-1978) first put forward the argument that stilts originated from the worship of crane totems in his essay Shuo Danzhu: A Study of the Chinese Ancient Hezu Clan, Shuo Danzhu, and Shuo Qiao Opera originated from the worship of crane totems. It is called "long feet". Guo Pu, a native of Jin Dynasty, annotated that there is Qiao Kingdom, which is covered by Qiao people in today's Qiao family. Wu Renchen, a native of Qing Dynasty, annotated that "Qiao people, the play of two-tree sequels, is now called Xi (Tong Qiao). The two annotation is that long stock people are long legged people standing on wooden feet. In Shuo Dan Zhu, stilts originated from primitive totem beliefs, used in religious rituals, and evolved from acrobatic performances into dancing forms to play opera characters. In Yao and Shun Dynasties, Danzhu was a clan with cranes as its totem. Stilt opera originated directly from the dancing of the ancient crane totem clan. Some scholars believe that there is a word in oracle bone inscriptions that can be interpreted as "dancing like a person dancing with two legs and a stick". If it can be established, by the late Shang Dynasty, this unique folk stilt dance form has been published. This is also a supplement to totem worship. Not only that, but there are also stilts in tribal religious ceremonies in Zaire Chokwe, Africa. A wizard with a long wooden stilt tied to his leg moves slowly and his hands dance slowly. This is another evidence of "totem worship" and "religious ritual theory".
Art originates from nature. In fact, stilts are the product of the struggle between human beings and natural conditions. The origin of labor theory, can be based on another note of the Jin Guopu: long-arm people in Chishui east, the body is like a normal person, but the arm length of three zhang. "Or long legged people often take long arms to catch fish in the sea." It is thus thought that the foot length is tied with wooden stilts, and the hand length is a fishing tool made of long wood in hand. The image depicted is similar to that of the fishermen of the Jing nationality living in Fangcheng, Guangxi, who trample on wooden stilts and cast nets in the shallow water to catch fish. According to the magazine Yifeng in the 1930s, "Chopsticks Street and Hoop Lane Street in Wuchang are often flooded because of their low status and humidity. Residents there almost always walk on stilts when flooded. This is the stilts from the record of working life.